Summary of this page:
- Light as a train of semi-hemispheric compression pulse.
- A wave theory of quantum's of light (compression pulses): rejection of the wave/particle duality.
- The propagation of the train of compression pulses explained: rejection of the transverse wave theory.
- The density of the aether.
- NOTE: Steven Rado gives a much more in depth explanation of the alternative explanation of the
photoelectric effect in his book "Aethro-Kinematics"
How Light Propagates
A light-ray, however, does not propagate as a spherical compression pulse. A light-ray actually propagates as
expanding semi-hemispheric compression pulses. The shape of the initial density distribution is bulbous.
The Mechanics of Light
The initial extreme and rapid local density disturbance, such as is an accelerating electron causes, is direction-
dependent. With light, the aether-medium is compressed most densely along the (x) axis of accelerated
movement of the electron; and so, the magnitude of the compression pulse is strongest along this direction.
The density of the compression gradually decreases as the angle to the x axis increases, becoming zero in the
direction transverse to the initial direction of the disturbance (-x). The aether is not compressed in the opposite
direction of a light-causing density disturbance. The result of the varying strength of the density disturbance is a
semi-hemispherical compression pulse (a “photon”).
In short, the momentum of the density compression is only carried in the forward and transverse directions
Repetitively produced pulses are called waves (of light). They are propagated in a discontinuous manner as I
earlier so described. They are propagated at or near the speed of light because this speed reflects the spatial
density of the aether-medium and the individual aethrons’ speed.
Disturbances in the Three-dimensional Aether Medium
The aethrons of the aether-medium restore three-dimensional isotropic density equilibrium by its random
motion. Aethrons move until they collide with another aethrons. Thus, they will move towards areas of lower
density (more open space) and away from areas of higher density (less open space and more collisions).
All density fluctuations in the aether-medium, because it is three-dimensional, are propagated in expanding
spherically shells until the disturbance is equally dissipated or distributed.
The Huygens Principle
The Huygens principle states that each infinitesimal part of a semi-hemispherical compression wave pulse
or front acts as a new point-source, producing secondary wavelets, which propagate outward with equal
speed in all directions, which produce tertiary wavelets, and so on. The strongest wavelets are always
produced along the axis of the accelerated movement that produced the initial density disturbance. In the
case of the figure to the right, that is to the right; or, (x); or, ------>
When nothing obstructs the expansion of these wavelets the light is called "unpolarized" with the random
orientation of the "electric" and "magnetic" vectors.
|Light as a Train of Semi-Hemispherical Compression Pulses
The Quantum of Energy of Light
Planck stated, correctly, that electromagnetic oscillators, such as electrons, radiate energy in discontinuous manner
because they are quantized entities. The oscillation represents accelerating and decelerating motions of electrons. An
electron makes 100s of trillions of revolutions per second—with momentum enough to produce radiation frequencies
within the range of visible light of the electromagnetic spectrum.
The Mechanics of Light as Quantums of Energy
When an electron accelerates, it collides with the aether-medium, compressing it. For a very short time interval there is an
extremely high increase in the density of aether-medium aethrons in front of the accelerating electron. This compressed
layer of aether-medium, to dissipate the extreme density disturbance, rapidly accumulates a velocity high enough to
separate it from the electron. This can occur because the unlinked aethrons of the aether-medium are able to freely move
in one direction faster than the linked aethrons of an aethron-body like an electon. When this occurs—when that pulse of
accumulated excess density separates from the electron—empty space is left in front of the electron for a very short
interval of time; the electron obviously cannot compress this empty space. However, this space is rapidly occupied by the
surrounding aether, which is in turn compressed by the electron, which of course is decelerating with each new
compression. Thus, one compression pulse follows another compression pulse. The empty space that succeeds the
departure of one compression from the electron causes these pulses to follow one another at a certain quantity of
distance. The repetitive action of space-following-compression causes light to “radiate” or propagate discontinuously in
the all-pervading isotropic aether-medium. One compression pulse represents the minimum quantity of excess energy of
electromagnetic radiation as Planck so discovered. These dense compression pulses are equivalent to a “photon,” but of
course need not be considered particles. The density of these compressions causes them to collide with aether-bodies like
electrons in a particle-like way.
Source: Principles of Physics: Third Edition p. 948
In the section on Atoms I describe further relation between light and an accelerating electron (emitting light) and a
decelerating electron ("absorbing" light).
Loose Analogy with Compression Pulses of Gas in a Tube
As the piston (electron) accelerates, it rapidly compresses the aether.
The compressed aether rapidly moves away from the electron, leaving
empty space behind it. NOTE: light is not a strict longitudinal wave
because the aether is a three-dimensional medium not bound by
four sides within a tube. (Sound is not a longitudinal wave as well
because it propagates in the three-dimensional medium of air.)
Unfortunately, light and sound wave theories have been
hypothesized to follow this model which has no equivalent in a
three-dimensional aether (unless sound or light is passing through
a cave or the like!)
Source: Principles of Physics: Third Edition p. 453
Summary of the Aether Concept of Light
- A light wave propagates as a semi-hemispherical compression pulse because the disturbance that causes a wave
occurs is direction-dependent.
- The initial point-source that created the disturbance creates a wave front that expands according to Huygens
Principle--i.e., each point on the first wavefront acts as a new point-source for a new wavefront.
- The initial compression causes like to be emitted as a pulse because, as the disturbed and compressed aether
moves away from the point-source, space is left behind the compressed area. Not until the aether fills up this space
can the point-source emit another compression pulse.
- The aether must be approximately six million times denser than steel to propagate the semi-hemispherical
compression pulses at the highest known frequencies of light. This poses no logical contradictions.
Density of the Aether
There is no logical contradiction in hypothesizing that the aether-medium, when considered to be moving, is six million
times denser than steel. Based on the highest known frequency of electromagnetic waves, gamma rays, a
conservative estimate places the density of isotropic aethrons at this figure
Atoms, as is commonly known amongst physicists, even of steel, consist mostly of "empty space." After reviewing the
Atoms one learns that, according to the aether theory, this so-called empty space is filled by the aether that maintains
the vortex that is the atom. Thus, the space between the nucleus and electrons of individual atoms, and between
atoms of electromagnetically bonded steel, is filled itself by the aether.
In short, since matter is aether, and "atoms" are made up of, and filled by, the aether, it not contradictory or illogical
to posit the aether's high density. And furthermore, since the aether is not immobile, the problem of how ponderable
matter could move through such a dense aether is erased.
Quoted from source:
"In the above animation a spherical wave
pulse propagates in a medium where the
wave speed is constant in all directions.
The wave expands outwards as an ever
expanding circle, with the wave traveling
at the same speed in all directions. Since
the wave speed is the same everywhere,
there is no refraction, and the wave does
not change direction as it propagates."
A close approximation of a
rendering of an initial
compression pulse (minus
the ring to the left). As it
moves in space it expands
as the animation below