Summary of this page:
- Explanation of the phenomenon of polarization.
- Explanation of the photoelectric effect.
- Explanation of the density of the aether (required to be six million times denser than steel).
- Explanation of the double-slit experiment.
- NOTE: Steven Rado gives a much more in depth explanation of the phenomenon of polarization in his
The Problem with the Current Theory of Polarization which lead to the Transverse Theory of Light: Vectors
The source of the problem of the current theory of polarization--that let must be a transverse wave--is the contradictory
statement that the polarizer absorbs all oscillation of unpolarized light-rays which are not parallel to its transmission axis, but
when the analyzer is set at an oblique angle, it passes some light-rays because the survived vectors of oscillation, parallell to
the polarizer still have some components in the direction of the transmission axis of the analyzer.
The misconception comes from the erroneous use of the concept of vector components. Theoretically a vector, placed into a
cartesian coordinate system, in an oblique angle to both the x and y axes, can be expressed in its rectangular component along
those lines. However, in the current explanation of the phenomenon of polarization, in the first part of the statement, a specific
coordinate system has been set relative to the transmission axis of the polarizer for describing the component vectors for both
the omni-directional natural light before passing, and those for the unidirectional plane polarized light after passing. In this
coordinate system, all component vectors were supposed to be absorbed expect those parallel to thy axis. Evidently there is no
logical way to reason to rotate the coordinate system from its original direction, and thereby revise the initial vector
components. It is done just for the sake of the justification of some partially surviving components in the transmission axis of
the analyzer. The contradiction in the regenerated light, by the insertion of a second polarizer, springs from the same use of the
theory of vector components.
If both the polarizers and analyzers were rotated in the same initial coordinate system, as they should be, the present
hypothesis of polarization could hardly explain the partial decrease of intensity and even less the regeneration of light by the
insertion of the second polarizer.
Polarization Explained: Application of the Semi-Hemispherical Compression Pulses and the The Huygens principle
The wave theory of light that shows it to be a train of semi-hemispherical compression pulses neither uses oscillating vectors
nor the total absorption of all un-parallel components of the initial momentum of the pulse. Beyond the polarizer part of the
absorbed components the part of the "momentum amplitude" was recreated by kinematic interference between the aethrons
at different amplitudes in different directions, and only the exact horizontal component (perpendicular component) is zero, or
fully absorbed. This explains both the phenomena of the partial decrease and the regeneration of the lost intensity.
Transverse wave theory of light that supposes
oscillating electric and magnetic vectors: the
aether-kinematic theory of light does not suppose
Representation of the current supposition that all
un-parallel light is absorbed by the polarizer.
Rejection of transverse wave theory of light and the wave/particle duality theory of light
The forced conditions of an exclusively transverse wave theory of light—of a transmitting medium with extreme density and
restoring forces—can therefore be abandoned. Since the initial density disturbance is propagated (semi-hemi)spherically, not
exclusively transversely, no simple harmonic oscillation—that is, no restoring forces—of the aethrons of the aether-medium is
The Boundary Layer Between aether-bodies (Atoms) and the aether-medium
As described in the section on Atoms, any ponderable body of matter, such as the sodium metal plate, is surrounded
by a circulatory layer of the aether which represents a buffer between the e geometrically periodical flow-patterns of
that atoms (crystalline structure) and the random motion of the static pressure of the aether-medium. In other words,
this layer is a boundary layer between the dynamic flow-pattern of the peripheral atoms and the randomness of the
The Boundary Layer as Surface Tension
The "electromagnetic" boundary layer reflects freely circulating electrons so that these electrons remain "beneath" it,
or within the metal. Thus, the possibility of escape depends on two factors:
- The velocity of the electron; and,
- The opposing strength of the boundary layer, or "barrier" (this is called the "work function).
The boundary layer is equivalent to the surface tension of liquids. The escape of electrons through thermionic
emission is equivalent to the evaporation of molecules of a liquid. This suggests that thermionic emission (ejection of
electrons) depends on the decreasing strength of the boundary layer, and not the kinetic energy of the internal
The Photoelectric as the disturbance of surface tension of sodium metal
On one side of the electromagnetic boundary layer is the metal and the
freely moving electrons; on the other, the aether-medium. This equivalent to
the water-air boundary. But instead of a stone falling into a pong, atoms
plunge through the electromagnetic boundary, each producing spherical
compression waves that interfere with one another. This interference
disturbs the boundary layer of the atoms of metals at the surface; such that,
thermions (electrons) that were trapped beneath the boundary layer are
now capable of escaping through the weakened points of the layer, and
being emitted into the aether medium. This is equivalent to water molecules
escaping the water medium and entering the air (a "splash").
|Young's Double-Slit Experiment
|Rejection of the Dualistic Photon and Transverse Wave Theory of Light
Light is not a photon
An alternative explanation of the photoelectric effect was just proposed. It hypothesizes that solids, like liquids, have a
surface tension, which, when disturbed to a certain degree, emit freely-circulating electrons, like water releases vapor
molecules. This explanation, in addition to the explanation of light as a train of compression pulses (i.e. trains of quantums of
energy), removes the necessity of hypothesizing light to be corpuscular in nature. It does consist of particles; but particles of
the aether, which translate the compression pulse. In other words, there are no intrinsic particles of light; they are all aether.
This removes the hypothesis that light is a wave/particle duality.
Double-slit explained in terms of the revised Compression-Pulse Theory of Light
As the semi-hemispherical expanding waves pass through the two slits, interfering first with the piece of the wall between the
slits, they split. The slits then act like point sources as the waves emanate towards the screen. While they do so they interfere
with one another, amplifying and dampening the light-waves. This creates the characteristic light-dark bands on the screen.
The Wave/Particle Duality of Matter Explained Logically
“Quantum particles” are perpetually surrounded by the aether-medium; thus, as they move through the aether-medium, the
former disturbs the latter, and this disturbance is transmitted via waves. This unique wave motion, called a pilot wave, is
created in the aether-medium directly in front of the “particle” as it moves. It resembles bow wave a moving boat creates in
the water. This pilot wave accounts for the wavelike properties of the “particles.”
The "deBrogile Pilot Wave" is a "bow-like" wave the particles
creates in front of it as it moves and compresses the
The Pilot Wave and the Slits
When a particle like an electron moves through one of the slits, the pilot wave moves in front
of it. This creates a complex pattern of reflection and diffraction. The pilot-wave that bounces
off the wall containing the slit, and the wall containing the screen, affect the motion of the
electron itself. In short, the pilot wave of the electron interacts with the electron in the two-
slit experiment. This affect is that the electron's motion is altered. The way in which it is
effected is reflected by the probability of curve on the screen--i.e., the probability of where
the electron will hit the screen. This probability curve is shown above for two-slit and one-slit
The Electron Passes Through One Slit Only
When a particle like an electron moves through one of the slits, it does not pass through
both slits. Rather, as it creates a pilot-wave in front of it, the pilot wave acts like a light-wave,
interacting with the two slits as I just described. This mutual interaction of the split causes
the characteristic light-dark bands on the screen, while at the same time recording the
definite position of the electron that collides with the screen.