The Neutron
  • Since neutrons must have accompanying sink-source flows, it is incorrect to assume they are neutral—in the sense of not
    having this type of flow. Without a sink-source flow neutrons would be unable to form links with protons. However, as I
    mentioned earlier, it is likely that, due to the larger size of the neutron's torus vortex, its constricted central axis more restricts
    its sink-source flow to an almost exclusive conical through-flow. Neutrons are only slightly magnetic because its loop-flow is
Summary of this Page:

  • The structure of an atom explained.
  •        The electron-proton "electromagnetic bond" explained.
  •        The proton-neutron "strong force bond" explained.
  •        A picture of the helium atom.
  •        6-dimensional representation of 3 dimensional space.
The Structure of an Atom
The "electromagnetic bond" between a Proton and an Electron
  • An “electromagnetic bond” between an electron and proton is a linking of several of their respective sink-source loops. As
    the flowlines of the sink-source-aether emerge from without the proton's source-side, they are captured by the electron's
    sink-side, which exit out of the electron's source, and are captured again by the proton's source. They simply reinforce and
    share a part of each other's sink-source flow. And since the sink-source flow of each are formed of the aether-medium they
    can share the flowlines and still maintain their own distinct vortical-entities. It is likely that the discrepancy in size between
    the proton and electron allows them to link so, since protons “repel” protons and electrons “repel” electrons. It is likely that
    electrons do not bond with neutrons because the central axis of the latter restricts its sink-source flow to an almost
    exclusive conical through-flow—that is, it lacks a sufficient loop-flow to allow it to bind with an electron on its own.

  • The sink-source link between a proton and an electron explains kinematically, through matter and motion alone, the
    mysterious “electromagnetic force” that supposedly acts over a distance and binds these particles to one another.
The "Opposite Charges" of Protons and Electrons
  • To form links in this way, source-to-sink-to-source-to-sink, necessitates that the proton and electron spin in opposite
    directions: the source side of the proton must face “up” and the sink side of the electron must face “down.” It is likely
    this kinematically-forced orientation that has lead scientists to claim a proton has a “positive” charge (directed radially
    outwards) and an electron, a “negative” one (directed radially inwards). In fact, both have the same kind of “charges.”
    The opposite charges reflect the necessity of the opposite orientations of their sinks and sources. Thus, “charge” and
    the type of charge (positive or negative) both lose their meaning. Coulomb's “law,” which is nearly equivalent to that of
    Newton's universal “law” of gravitation, empirically describes the strength of the force between “static electric charges.”

  • In aethro-kinematic terms, Coulomb's rule accounts for the fact that, the area closer to proton's and electron's sink-
    source centers has a more forceful effect on the aether-medium than farther away. The “static electric charge”—the
    strength of the torus vortex sink-source flow—becomes weaker in inverse proportional to the distance from these
The Orbital Motion of the Electron Around the Proton
The second component of a proton-electron link involves the orbital motion of the electron. The sink-source link with
the proton forces the electron into its torus vortex and keeps it there. It is the rotating torus portion of the proton,
and not its sink-source flow, that causes the electron to orbit globally around its center. An electron does not
collapse into the center of a proton because of this torus rotational flow. The three-dimensional shape an orbiting
electron traces depends on the shape of the proton; on other electrons that may be orbiting the same center; on
the surrounding aether-medium; and, on aether-bodies in its immediate vicinity. You can understand how the
three-dimensional orbital shapes electrons shape become extremely complex when considering all the dynamic
variables involved.
The larger vortex ("proton") and the smaller vortex ("electron") must have opposite
spin orientations to shared sink-source flowlines that constitute the "electromagnetic
bond" that links them. (Figures from Steven Rado's
The explanation of how electrons orbit proton-neutron pairs accords with the three-dimensional shapes they have been
experimentally verified to trace. The pictures below represent the
electron density distribution of atoms with 1, 2, 3, 4 protons,
The Sink-Source flow is strongest near the eye of the vortex. This means the sink-source "bond" between the
proton and electron will be strongest near the eye of the proton (i.e. "density distribution").
The "Strong Force" that Links Protons and Neutrons all to one another
  • Let us use the example of a helium atom to describe the fluid structure of an atom. In a snapshot, one proton exists due north
    and one due west. The vortex of the north proton is aligned along the y-axis and its through-sink-source flow, along the x-
    axis. The vortex of the west proton is aligned along the x-axis and its through-sink-source flow, along the y-axis. The neutrons
    exist due east and south. The vortex of the east neutron is aligned  along the x-axis and its through-sink-source flow, along
    the y-axis. The south neutron is aligned along the y-axis and its through-sink-source flow, along the x-axis. This arrangement
    allows all four “particles” to share a common sink-source flow. The flowline exits the north proton; enters the east neutron,
    exits there; enters the south neutron and exits there; enters the west proton and exits; and once again, enters the north
    proton. The alignment of the particles, and the direction of flow, is consistent with their “charge”. In addition, the west proton
    and east neutron, and the north and south proton and neutron, respectively, must spin in opposite directions to be stable,
    and to be aligned in such a way as to effect the sink-source flow connections. Meanwhile, of course, the protons are linked
    with the orbiting electrons. The electron associated with the north proton orbits the nucleus along the y-axis, while the
    electron associated with the west proton orbits the x-axis. Of course, in motion, as the atom moves rapidly and changes its
    position in space, the electrons trace out a “cloud”.

  • The proper conditions to effect this nucleus-combination, proton an neutrons links, are rare. This might explain why the most
    abundant form of hydrogen, protrium—the most common element found in the world (“universe”)—has just one proton in its
    nucleus. Helium, with proton-neutrons bonds, is much less pervasive than protium, but is still much more common than all
    elements with higher atomic numbers.
Summary: Particles as Vortices and Sink-source links as Electromagnetic and Strong Forces
The dynamic nature of the atom makes it unnecessary to posit matterless forces that cause—that is, the electromagnetic force
(what holds an electron together with a proton), the strong force (what holds together a proton and what holds together a
neutron) weak force (associated with radioactive decay of the atom) have materiate correlates in the highly complex vortical
motion of a great quantity of aethrons that is an “atom."
This figure, drawn by the author, shows a helium atom. Note the very complex sink source flow that links the three separate
vortices. The vortex of a "proton" and "neutron" would be off-center when "bonded". Their centers would be closer to the
center of the "nucleus" (i.e., the spatial center of the bonded particles). This is due to the strong sink-source bond between
them that draws them together. Thus, the vortex of the particles would become smaller and denser towards the center of
the nucleus, and larger and less dense away from it.
The picture above, then, is not drawn to represent this.
Summary of the next Atoms Page:
  • The relation between a quantum vortices and electromagnetic radiation.
  • The wave-like properties of an atom explained.
Source: Author
Experimental Proof
If you study the helium atom picture above you notice that the protons are located on the same plane. Again, the sink-source flow is
strongest near the eye of the vortices. Therefore, the density distribution of the electrons orbiting each proton, respectively, will be
highest closest to the eye of the proton where the sink-source flow is the strongest. Notice the shape of the density disturbance. This
accords with the orientation of the protons-vortices. Near the eye of the nucleus the shape of the protons are distorted. In other
words, the "eye" of the proton vortices are off-center. The eye of the proton vortices are extremely close to the eye of the nucleus
eye because of the strong force. Thus, the "strong force" shapes the protons, which in turn shapes the density distribution of the
If we are considering only a single hydrogen
atom, with one electron, then the electron traces
a simple circle around the center of the proton
vortex. See the picture above of the single
hydrogen atom.
Again, you'll notice that the experimentally verified picture of the helium atom accords with the fluid mechanical representation of it.
Source: Author
Isotopes are much less stable than regular atoms because of the lack of symmetry. With two "particles" in
the x-plane, and only one in the y-plane, say in 3He, the x-plane protons are not balanced in the fluid
structure by a second respective y-plane neutron, as pictured above. Some isotropes are more stable than
others because, say an extra neutron in the regular helium atom.
Six Dimensional Phase Space and the Atom
Keep in mind that atoms exist in three dimensions. These dimensions are represented in mechanics in six
dimensional phase space. Proton pairs and neutron pairs of higher order atoms will be orientated along the
axes of this phase space to produce the most stable arrangement. The specific arrangement of higher order
atoms are represented in electron distribution diagrams. The 3-D arrangement is responsible for why there
are specific capacities for "electron shells" - 2 in the first, 8 in the second, etc. In all stable atoms there is
great symmetry. This symmetry reflects an equilibrium in the fluid structure of the atoms.

It is again easy to understand why higher order elements, which would require an extremely complex fluid
structure, are so rare in the universe.
The following diagrams show the ________ atom, which has three protons and three neutrons. Note that the
third proton is oriented along the y axis. It follows, from the force of the vortices on the x-axis, that the
electron density distribution (and the vortex of the corresponding atom), would be smushed as shown. It also
follows that the y-plane proton must be rotating around the eye of the nucleus to create such a pattern.